Computing time offsets between EXIF and GPS

I like the idea of matching photos to GPS traces. In Debian there is gpscorrelate but it's almost unusable to me because of bug #473362 and it has an awkward way of specifying time offsets.

Here at SoTM10 someone told me that exiftool gained -geosync and -geotag options. So it's just a matter of creating a little tool that shows a photo and asks you to type the GPS time you see in it.

Apparently there are no bindings or GIR files for gtkimageview in Debian, so I'll have to use C.

Here is a C prototype:

 * gpsoffset - Compute EXIF time offset from a photo of a gps display
 * Use with exiftool -geosync=... -geotag trace.gpx DIR
 * Copyright (C) 2009--2010  Enrico Zini <>
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA

#define _XOPEN_SOURCE /* glibc2 needs this */
#include <time.h>
#include <gtkimageview/gtkimageview.h>
#include <libexif/exif-data.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

static int load_time(const char* fname, struct tm* tm)
    ExifData* exif_data = exif_data_new_from_file(fname);
    ExifEntry* exif_time = exif_data_get_entry(exif_data, EXIF_TAG_DATE_TIME);
    if (exif_time == NULL)
        fprintf(stderr, "Cannot find EXIF timetamp\n");
        return -1;

    char buf[1024];
    exif_entry_get_value(exif_time, buf, 1024);
    //printf("val2: %s\n", exif_entry_get_value(t2, buf, 1024));

    if (strptime(buf, "%Y:%m:%d %H:%M:%S", tm) == NULL)
        fprintf(stderr, "Cannot match EXIF timetamp\n");
        return -1;

    return 0;

static time_t exif_ts;
static GtkWidget* res_lbl;

void date_entry_changed(GtkEditable *editable, gpointer user_data)
    const gchar* text = gtk_entry_get_text(GTK_ENTRY(editable));
    struct tm parsed;
    if (strptime(text, "%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S", &parsed) == NULL)
        gtk_label_set_text(GTK_LABEL(res_lbl), "Please enter a date as YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS");
    } else {
        time_t img_ts = mktime(&parsed);
        int c;
        int res;
        if (exif_ts < img_ts)
            c = '+';
            res = img_ts - exif_ts;
            c = '-';
            res = exif_ts - img_ts;
        char buf[1024];
        if (res > 3600)
            snprintf(buf, 1024, "Result: %c%ds -geosync=%c%d:%02d:%02d",
                    c, res, c, res / 3600, (res / 60) % 60, res % 60);
        else if (res > 60)
            snprintf(buf, 1024, "Result: %c%ds -geosync=%c%02d:%02d",
                    c, res, c, (res / 60) % 60, res % 60);
            snprintf(buf, 1024, "Result: %c%ds -geosync=%c%d",
                    c, res, c, res);
        gtk_label_set_text(GTK_LABEL(res_lbl), buf);

int main (int argc, char *argv[])
    // Work in UTC to avoid mktime applying DST or timezones
    setenv("TZ", "UTC");

    const char* filename = "/home/enrico/web-eddie/galleries/2010/04-05-Uppermill/P1080932.jpg";

    gtk_init (&argc, &argv);

    struct tm exif_time;
    if (load_time(filename, &exif_time) != 0)
        return 1;

    printf("EXIF time: %s\n", asctime(&exif_time));
    exif_ts = mktime(&exif_time);

    GtkWidget* window = gtk_window_new(GTK_WINDOW_TOPLEVEL);
    GtkWidget* vb = gtk_vbox_new(FALSE, 0);
    GtkWidget* hb = gtk_hbox_new(FALSE, 0);
    GtkWidget* lbl = gtk_label_new("Timestamp:");
    GtkWidget* exif_lbl;
        char buf[1024];
        strftime(buf, 1024, "EXIF time: %Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S", &exif_time);
        exif_lbl = gtk_label_new(buf);
    GtkWidget* date_ent = gtk_entry_new();
    res_lbl = gtk_label_new("Result:");
    GtkWidget* view = gtk_image_view_new();
    GdkPixbuf* pixbuf = gdk_pixbuf_new_from_file(filename, NULL);

    gtk_box_pack_start(GTK_BOX(hb), lbl, FALSE, TRUE, 0);
    gtk_box_pack_start(GTK_BOX(hb), date_ent, TRUE, TRUE, 0);

    gtk_signal_connect(GTK_OBJECT(date_ent), "changed", (GCallback)date_entry_changed, NULL);
        char buf[1024];
        strftime(buf, 1024, "%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S", &exif_time);
        gtk_entry_set_text(GTK_ENTRY(date_ent), buf);

    gtk_widget_set_size_request(view, 500, 400);
    gtk_image_view_set_pixbuf(GTK_IMAGE_VIEW(view), pixbuf, TRUE);
    gtk_container_add(GTK_CONTAINER(window), vb);
    gtk_box_pack_start(GTK_BOX(vb), view, TRUE, TRUE, 0);
    gtk_box_pack_start(GTK_BOX(vb), hb, FALSE, TRUE, 0);
    gtk_box_pack_start(GTK_BOX(vb), exif_lbl, FALSE, TRUE, 0);
    gtk_box_pack_start(GTK_BOX(vb), res_lbl, FALSE, TRUE, 0);

    gtk_main ();

    return 0;

And here is its simple makefile:

CFLAGS=$(shell pkg-config --cflags gtkimageview libexif)
LDFLAGS=$(shell pkg-config --libs gtkimageview libexif)

gpsoffset: gpsoffset.c

It's a simple prototype but it's a working prototype and seems to do the job for me.

I currently cannot find out why after I click on the text box, there seems to be no way to give the focus back to the image viewer so I can control it with keys.

There is another nice algorithm to compute time offsets to be implemented: you choose a photo taken from a known place and drag it on that place on a map: you can then look for the nearest point on your GPX trace and compute the time offset from that.

I have seen that there are programs for geotagging photos that implement all such algorithms, and have a nice UI, but I haven't seen any in Debian.

Are there any such softwares that can be packaged?

If not, the interpolation and annotation tasks can now already be performed by exiftool, so it's just a matter of building a good UI, and I would love to see someone picking up the task.